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The Role of NuPECC
NuPECC is an Associated Committee of the European Science Foundation. Its
Terms of Reference state that:
The objective of NuPECC is to:
In pursuing this objective the Committee shall
strengthen European collaboration in nuclear science through the promotion
of nuclear physics and its trans-disciplinary use and application.
Guided by these Terms of Reference, NuPECC has initiated an analysis of
ongoing and future research activities in the field of nuclear physics
in Europe. The result of this effort is documented in the present report
``Nuclear Physics in Europe:
Highlights and Opportunities''.
It follows a previous analysis published by NuPECC in December 1991. It
contains a review of the field, recommendations for future developments,
and a chapter which describes the present and future possibilities of the
corresponding research facilities in Europe. This is the first attempt
to define a network of facilities within Europe that include local and
national facilities as well as European laboratories which are complementary
and guarantee international access.
define a network of complementary facilities within Europe and encourage
optimisation of their usage
provide a forum for the discussion of the provision of future facilities
and instrumentation and
provide advice and make recommendations to the ESF and to others bodies
on the development, organisation and support of European nuclear research
and of particular projects.
The report is intended to serve as an input into the decision-making
process of the various local, national and international committees and
agencies which have to discuss and decide about future investments in the
field. NuPECC intends to meet representatives of the funding agencies in
order to present this analysis of the scientific perspectives of nuclear
physics, and to discuss how the adopted recommendations can be implemented
through collaborative ventures in Europe.
The present report only discusses basic research in nuclear physics;
the trans-disciplinary use and application of nuclear science have been
presented in a report entitled ``Impact and Applications of Nuclear Science
in Europe: Opportunities and Perspectives'' published by NuPECC in December
1994. More detailed information on nuclear physics facilities in Europe
(accelerators, major instrumentation, access for foreign users) is contained
in the regularly published ``NuPECC Handbook: International Access to Nuclear
Physics Facilities in Europe''.
The Preparation of the Report
The decision to initiate a new review of ongoing and future research in
nuclear physics was taken by the committee in the beginning of 1996, since
the previous exercise had started more than 6 years ago. The work was organised
The field was defined and split up into six main areas. A letter of
charge was sent to the conveners chosen by NuPECC with the mission to form
working groups and to prepare reports which contain highlights and open
problems as well as recommendations on how to proceed in the respective
sub-field within an international context.
In a first meeting of NuPECC with the conveners it was agreed upon that
In March 1996, the working groups were formed and NuPECC members were assigned
as liaison persons. From March 1996 through March 1997, intense discussions
took place within the community. Town meetings or topical workshops were
used as a forum for these discussions. This ``bottom-up'' approach led
to the completion of a first version of the working groups' reports by
April 1997. These reports were displayed on the WorldWideWeb in order to
provide the community with an additional opportunity to introduce comments
the conveners are free to select the members of their working groups,
the final reports of the working groups, published as separate chapters
in the NuPECC report, are the conveners' sole responsibility,
the overall recommendations in the beginning of the NuPECC report reflect
only the view of NuPECC.
A workshop was organised in Munich on April 23 to 26, 1997, where the
working groups' reports were discussed for two days between the conveners
and NuPECC members. An afternoon was devoted to a discussion with the directors
of the major European research facilities (CERN, DESY, GSI, GANIL, Gran
Sasso). Following these discussions, a zero-order draft of ``NuPECC Recommendations''
was prepared. The working groups' reports and the draft of the ``NuPECC
Recommendations'' were then presented to an audience of about 100 nuclear
physicists and intensely discussed.
From April to December 1997, the working groups' reports were finalised.
A NuPECC editorial committee was formed in order to formulate the ``NuPECC
Recommendations'', the chapter ``Towards a Network of Complementary Research
Facilities'' and the ``Introduction''. The final version was discussed
and endorsed by NuPECC at its meeting on November 7 and 8, 1997.
The Structure of the Report
The present report is organised as follows:
The six chapters containing the working groups' reports (white pages):
Acknowledgements (blue pages)
Introduction (blue pages)
Recommendations (blue pages)
Towards a Network of Complementary Research Facilities in Europe (blue
The first part of this report reflects the views of the committee although
these views have been strongly influenced by those expressed by the community.
The corresponding pages are printed on blue paper.
Nuclear Structure under Extreme Conditions
Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions and the Phase Transitions of Nuclear Matter
Quark and Hadron Dynamics
Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics
The second part contains the reports from the working groups formulated
under the responsibility of the conveners. This part is printed on white
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